CM4050 - Directed Research Projects - By Y p Pathak
CM4050- Directed Research Projects
Faculty: Y p Pathak
Commercial operations and maintenance on National Highways
Road Transport is the most cost-effective modes of transportation in India for both freight and
passengers, keeping in view its level of penetration in populated areas. Thus, it is vital for economic development and social integration of the country. Road transport emerged as the dominant segment in India's transport sector and contributed 3.06 per cent to GVA against the total transport sector contribution of 4.58 percentages for the year 2019-20, where the share of Railways was at 0.74 per cent, Air Transport at 0.12 per cent and Water Transport at 0.08 per cent. Road Transport also serves as the feeders to railway, shipping, and air traffic
India has a network of over 63,31,757 kilometers of roads as of 31st March 2019, which is the second largest in the world, after the United States with 66,45,709 kilometers of roads. There has been a consistent increase in the construction of roads under various categories during the period 1The construction and maintenance of National Highways is mandated with the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MORTH)950-51 to 2018-19
The construction of National Highways increased to 1,32,499 km in 2019 as compared to 1, 26,350 km in 2018, indicating an increase of 4.9 per cent over previous period
NHAI is the major agency constructing the roads on various contract mode like EPC and private public transportation like BOT, HAM
Spending the huge amount of construction cost by government / concessionary the same is being reimbursed under various mode of annuity / toll collection for smooth and hassle-free operations of Nation / Express highway for stipulated duration of time.
Commercial operation of the national highway is specialized sector comprises skill of finance, managerial operation and socio economic engineering structure covers various aspect of highway maintenance skill in balanced environment of safer traffic operations, road safety, maintenance of constructed road infrastructure , citizen charter , intelligent transport applications , advance transport management and many more.