Cities change constantly in the open-ended spectacle of daily life, with the construction of new buildings and the repair or demolition of old and redundant structures. However, within this urban flux, some elements endure. Firstly, the exemplary works of architecture and the memorials to significant historic events. Over centuries, these urban artefacts become symbols of civic identity, embedded in the memory of citizens. Secondly, there are those structures that endure through adaptation, embracing change by appropriate new uses to old spaces. This studio explored the ?creative? potential of building adaptation. Students discovered the potential of interior design to transform entire buildings. The studio focused on suitable retired buildings in a city, blurring the conventional boundaries between, architecture and interiors. We researched every aspect of the existing architectural space and fabric, including its history and setting, the essence of its emotional power, and its place in the collective urban memory. We then designed inspiring interior-architectural transformations that generated new spatial purposes, experiences, expressions, meaning, emotions and memories. Working from the inside out, we created interior architecture that stimulates new civic memories.